IELTS Essay Topics with Answers 2022: Sample, Writing Format, No. of Questions, Scoring Criteria

IELTS

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Aprant
Aprant Agarwal
Study Abroad Expert
Updated on Sep 19, 2022 14:27 IST
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The Writing section of the IELTS exam has two tasks (IELTS Writing Task 1 and IELTS Writing Task 2). IELTS Writing Task 1 is different for Academic and General Training Modules, but IELTS Writing Task 2 is similar for both. In this article we will cover the pattern of the IELTS Writing Section, types of questions asked on the IELTS Writing Task 2, scoring criteria, and some latest essay topics.

IELTS Writing Format

The Writing section on the IELTS section has two tasks. Task 1 differs for Academic and General Training Modules, whereas, Task 2 is similar for both.

IELTS Academic Writing Format

  • Task 1: Test takers are supposed to describe and explain a graph, table, chart, diagram, process, or a device in at least 150 words.
  • Task 2: Test takers are supposed to write an essay, of at least 250 words, as a response to a point of view/argument/problem.

IELTS General Training Writing Format

  • Task 1: Test takers are expected to write a letter of at least 150 words. The letter may be personal, semi-formal, or formal.
  • Task 2: Test takers are supposed to write an essay, of at least 250 words, as a response to a point of view/argument/problem.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Topics

  • IELTS expects you to write a ‘discursive essay’, in which you are supposed to give your opinion on a particular topic, or provide solutions to a problem, and so on.
  • The questions on the IELTS Writing Task 2 are related to a broad theme, which is then zoomed-in to explore a specific idea. Examples of themes and specific ideas are provided in the table below:

Theme

Specific Idea

Business

Large businesses vs small businesses

Education

Books vs PDFs

Environment

Development vs deforestation

Government

Democracy

Food

Fast food vs salads

  • There are various types of questions that are asked on the IELTS Essay. The types of questions and their details are provided in the chart below:

IELTS Essay (Types of Questions)

Details

Opinion Questions

Do you agree?

To what extent do you agree?

What is your opinion on this?

Advantage/Disadvantage Questions

What are the advantages?

What are the disadvantages?

What are the advantages and disadvantages?

Problem/Causes – Solution Questions

What is/are the problems/causes?

How to solve/mitigate?

Discuss both views

You are supposed to discuss two views and then take a stand

Double Question

A combination of the above types. E.g. What are the disadvantages and what can be done about this?

IELTS Essays Scoring Criteria

There are 4 performance descriptors given on the official IELTS website:

  • Task response: Address all parts of the task, take a position/stand, and support your ideas with evidences. You can write the examples from your own experience.
  • Coherence and cohesion: Your essay should be properly structured. There should logic, seamless flow, and integration of your ideas. Cohesive devices and linking words such as connectors, conjunctions, etc. should be properly used. Remember that the examiner should be able to understand your essay, its main idea, and the points that you want to convey to him/her.
  • Lexical resource: This refers to appropriate and accurate usage of a range of vocabulary.
  • Grammatical range and accuracy: When we talk about grammatical range and accuracy, we are talking at ‘sentence level’. Your sentences should have a wide range of structures and should be accurate at the same time.

Also Read: New English Language Proficiency Exam - Duolingo that you can take online

IELTS Essay Sample (IELTS Essay Topics with Answers)

We have provided 5 sample essays along with solutions to one of them. This will help you understand what kind of actual questions are asked on the IELTS Writing Task 2 and the method to answer them.

Sample 1: Some people believe that the easiest way to achieve success in life is to get a university education, while some disagree with this. Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Sample 2: Plastic shopping bags are the main source of pollution. They clog the drains and also cause land pollution, so, they should be banned. Do you agree with this statement?

Sample 3: Many people have an opinion that learning-outcomes are better when learning takes place in a group. Do you agree or disagree?

Sample 4: Some people believe that the best business model is the one that involves all the members of the family only. What are the advantages of such a business model?

Sample 5: Governments should invest more in the railways sector rather than roads. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Sample Answer 5: According to some people, governments should allocate more resources to the railway sector rather than roadways. This essay does not agree with this view. Roadways are as important as railways and thus deserve equal, if not more, investments, since roadways offer the convenience of last-mile connectivity and cheaper maintenance.

In certain areas with difficult terrains such as hill areas, construction of railway lines is not easy. Construction of railway lines might also require heavy deforestation in ecologically sensitive zones. Such areas require roadways for transportation. Besides difficult terrains, roadways also offer connectivity to remote and rural areas thus benefitting people who live in such areas. It is not possible for the railway lines to reach every nook and corner of a country.

Secondly, roadways are more economical in terms of their maintenance and do not require heavy investment. Toll taxes can be collected easily, thus adding to the ease of maintenance. In case of any damage to any part of a road, the repair works can be undertaken with ease and in a quick manner, whereas it will require heavy maintenance and time to repair damaged railway tracks. Besides, the investment in railways requires heavy capital expenditure which can disturb the fiscal condition of a government.

In conclusion, roadways and railways are both essential for a robust transport sector. However, the benefits of a seamless roadways network cannot be downplayed at any cost. Hence, the essay does not agree with the argument that railways deserve more attention than roadways. Rather, roadways are as important as railways and deserve equal attention.

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IELTS Writing Task 2 FAQs

Q. What is the format of IELTS Writing section?

A. IELTS Writing section consists of two parts: IELTS Writing Task 1 and IELTS Writing Task 2.

Q. What are the word limits for IELTS Writing Task 1 and IELTS Writing Task 2?

A. For IELTS Writing Task 1, at least 150 words written work is required. For IELTS Writing Task 2, at least 250 words essay is required. Anything lower than the minimum requirement will attract a penalty.

Q. What are the IELTS Writing Task 2 topics?

A. IELTS Writing Task 2 involves various topics/ themes such as business, education, environment, government, etc. Specific ideas are explored within these theme based on which questions are asked.

Q. What are the various IELTS Essay question types?

A. IELTS Essay involves various question types such as opinion questions, advantage/ disadvantage questions, problem/ causes questions, etc.

Q. What is the scoring criteria for IELTS Essay?

A. IELTS Essay has four performance descriptors: Task response, Coherence and cohesion, Lexical resource, and Grammatical range and accuracy.
About the Author
Aprant Agarwal
Study Abroad Expert

Aprant has been involved in the field of education and research for more than 5 years. He has done his B.Tech after which he has done research in Chemical Reactor Design. He scored 700 on the GMAT. He also co-author... Read Full Bio

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